Direkt zum Inhalt | Direkt zur Navigation


Benutzerspezifische Werkzeuge

Sie sind hier: Startseite / Professoren & Dozenten / Prof. Dr. Kinzig / Forschung / Project 3
Prof. Dr. Kinzig

Project 3

Recidivism of Preventive Detainees and Dangerous People - A Follow-Up Study

Participant: Jörg Kinzig (lawyer)
Contact Person: ; phone: +49 (0)761/7081-289
Time Frame: 1999 to 2004
Project Status: in progress
Project Description:

+++ update in progress +++ update in progress +++ update in progress

Between 1992 and 1996 an extensive study was carried out on the German sanction of "Sicherungsverwahrung" (preventive detention) in the Max Planck Institute. It was published in 1996, the title being "Die Sicherungsverwahrung auf dem Prüfstand". Some of the results which reflect comparative aspects of the study were also published in the European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, vol. 5 (1997), 27-57 ("Preventive measures for dangerous recidivists").

The core of the project constitutes an empirical research on preventive detainees and the use and implementation of preventive detention. Therefore, we examined the criminal records of 318 persons sentenced to preventive detention mainly during the eighties. In addition we selected another group of people which were sentenced between 1988 and 1990, because they had committed severe sexual or violent offences (rape, robbery, extortion). Although this group (183 people) fulfilled the formal requirements of preventive detention laid down in § 66 of the penal code (Strafgesetzbuch) the courts merely imposed prison sentences of two or more years. Until 1993, just a few of the former preventive detainees released from prison had relapsed. However, the period in liberty was too short to obtain valid results.

The present follow-up longitudinal study shall focus on the actual criminal career of the 501 persons (consisting of 318 people that are presently or have formerly been in preventive detention, and 183 dangerous people that have been released from prison). We aim to compare the criminal careers of both groups. We are also planning to integrate in our data extracts from the register of convictions of dangerous perpetrators included in the Freiburg birth cohort study.

We hope our expected results will be able to contribute to the burning issue which sanctions are appropriate for those severe offenders. In 1998, the German legislator introduced a new "law against sexual and other dangerous offences". Under this law not only the imposition of preventive detention became much easier, but also it is expected that the terms in preventive detention will become longer. Nevertheless, the debate on measures against dangerous offenders is still going on. In the beginning of the year 2001, Baden-Württemberg introduced a new law which even allows - as administrative law - to incapacitate a dangerous offender under certain circumstances, after having served his prison sentence without the trial court having ordered preventive detention. The question arises whether such a law violates the German constitution or even the Convention of Human Rights.

In 2002, preventive detention was once more extended through the "law on the introduction of preventive detention with reservation" (Gesetz zur Einführung der vorbehaltenen Sicherungsverwahrung).

Selected Publications:

  • KINZIG, J. (forthcoming): "Systems and Developments of Penal Sanctions in Western and Central Europe" How to deal with Dangerous Offenders? In: Third German-Hungarian Colloquium. Eds. H.-J. Albrecht & A. Eser. edition iuscrim, Freiburg i. Br.
  • KINZIG, J. (2003): Verhältnismäßigkeit fraglich: Problematische Sanktion im Strafrecht. Frankfurter Rundschau vom 21.7.2003, 8.
  • KINZIG, J. (2002): Das Gesetz zur Einführung der vorbehaltenen Sicherungsverwahrung. Neue Juristische Wochenschrift 55, 3204-3208.
  • KINZIG, J. (2002): Neues von der Sicherungsverwahrung - ein Überblick über den Stand der Gesetzgebung -. Strafverteidiger 22, 500-504.
  • KINZIG, J. (2001): Als Bundesrecht gescheitert - als Landesrecht zulässig? Das neue baden-württembergische Gesetz über die Unterbringung besonders rückfallgefährdeter Straftäter. Neue Juristische Wochenschrift 54, 1455-1459.
  • KINZIG, J. (2000): Schrankenlose Sicherheit? Das Bundesverfassungsgericht vor der Entscheidung über die Geltung des Rückwirkungsverbots im Maßregelrecht. Strafverteidiger 20, 330-335.
  • KINZIG, J. (2000): Sicherungsverwahrung: Perspektive für nichtsozialisierungsfähige Jugendliche? In: Kinder- und Jugendkriminalität. Über den Umgang mit einem gesellschaftspolitischen Sprengsatz (Perspektiven und Konzepte). Ed. G. Gehl. Weimar, 123-141.
  • KINZIG, J. (2000): Sicherungsverwahrung. In: Strafrechtsausschuß des Deutschen Anwaltvereins: Reform des strafrechtlichen Sanktionensystems. Bonn, 106-107.
  • KINZIG, J. (1999): Die Sicherungsverwahrung: ein geeignetes Instrument zum Schutz vor gefährlichen Straftätern? In: Kriminalität, Prävention und Kontrolle. Eds. D. Rössner & J.-M. Jehle. Heidelberg, 281-294.
  • BECKER, M. & KINZIG, J. (1998): Therapie bei Sexualstraftätern und die Kosten: Von den Vorstellungen des Gesetzgebers und den Realitäten im Strafvollzug, Zeitschrift für Strafvollzug und Straffälligenhilfe 47, 259-264.
  • KINZIG, J. (1996): Die Sicherungsverwahrung auf dem Prüfstand. edition iuscrim, Freiburg i. Br. (starting study), 840 p.